The Dazu Rock Carvings are a series of Chinese religious sculptures and carvings located in Dazu County southwest of Chongqing City, the reputedly "county of rock carvings". Dazu Rock Carvings is the masterpiece of rock carvings of China, which is as famous as Mogao Cave in Dunhuang, Yungang Grottoes in Shanxi and Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang. Dazu Rock Carvings is world-renowned for its large scale, exquisite carvings, widely-ranged subjects, rich connotation and excellent preservation. Dazu Rock Carving is the essence of Chinese sculpture depicting Buddhist, Confucian and Taoist beliefs. Dazu Rock Carvings, together with Beishan Rock Carving, Baodingshan Rock Carving, Nanshan Rock Carving, Shizhuanshan Rock Carving and Shimenshan Rock Carving was listed in to World Heritage Site in 1999.
The history of Dazu Rock carvings could be traced back to 7th century AD of early Tang Dynasty. It was prospered in Song Dynasty and enlarged in Ming and Qing Dynasties, and then the large carving sculpture complex was created. Dazu Rock Carvings is home to more than 70 protected sites with 100,000-plus status, among which carvings on Mount Beishan, Mount Baoding, Mount Nanshan, Mount Shizhuan and Mount Shimen are the most famous and concentrated.
Mount Baoding Carvings
Mount Baoding Carvings is located 5 kilometers from the northeast of Dazu County, where Buddha statues carved on 2500-meter-high cliffs are ubiquitous. The statues in Dafowa and Xiaofowan revolving with Shenshou Temple could be found.
Mount Nanshan Carvings
Mount Nanshan Carvings is situated 2.5 kilometers southwest of Dazu County. Atop the Mount Nanshan, the Taoist Temple named Jade Emperor Temple was originally built. Therefore, Taoist gods' figures that carved vividly could be found here.
Mount Shizhuan Carvings
Mount Shizhuan Carvings is located 25 kilometers southwest of Duzu County. With an altitude of 444.6 meters, the carvings on Mount Shizhuan are mostly carved onto cliffs. Here, Buddhist, Taoist and Confucius statues are well-merged with each other, which is quite rare in Chinese grotto art.
Mount Shimen Carvings
Mount Shimen is located 20 kilometers from the eastern part of Dazu County. Here, Buddhism and Taoism are well merged, while the Taoist statue is more predominant.
Mount Beishan Carvings
Mount Beishan Carvings is 2 kilometers from the northwest of Dazu County. Mount Beishan Carvings was started to built in late Tang Dynasty and accomplished in South Song Dynasty, which is one of the two largest carvings in Duzong Rock Carvings. The nearly 10,000 statues were built in Fowan, Yingpanpo, Guanyinpo, Northern Tower Temple, Fo'er cliff, etc.. Carvings on Beishan is featured with exquisite engravings, sophisticated skill and fine workmanship, which appeals numerous travelers home and abroad to pay a visit.
Location: Dazu County, Chongqing City, Sichaun Province
High Season (Mar.1 to Nov.30): CNY120 for Baodingshan; CNY90 for Beishan; CNY170 for combined ticket of the two sights
Low Season (Dec.1 to Feb.28/29): CNY90 for Baodingshan; CNY70 for Beishan; CNY130 for combined ticket of the two sights
Open Time: 08:40 to 17:00
How to get to:
From Chongqing: Take the highway bus bounding to Dazu at Caiyuanba Long Distance Bus Station or Chenjiaping Long Distance Bus Station. The bus is launched at 20 minutes' interval. It takes about 50yuan to get to
From Chengdu: Take the bus bounding for Dazu at Lotus Pound Long Distance Bus Station. It costs 80-100yuan to get to.