As one of Four Great Ancient Civilized Nations, China is endowed with time-honored history of more than 5000 years. As is known, the famous Yellow River and Yangtze River are the place where the Chinese nation originated. It was legendarily told that it was the earliest ancestor named Pangu who created the universe and Chinese nation later on. From that on, Chinese history begins. Actually, the recorded Chinese history is about 4000 years, which is starred from Shang Dynasty. The long history of China could be generally divided into three periods, the ancient time, imperial times as well as modern times.
Xia Dynasty (2070 B.C. – 1600 BC)
Xia is the first ancient dynasty in Chinese history, which has s history of of 500 years, dating from 2,100 B.C. to 1,600 B.C. . It was during Xia dynasty period that the first calendar system was created. Xia dynasty is a period, when anceint people evoluted from the late neolithic cultures to the Chinese urban civilization.
Shang Dynasty (1600 B.C. – 1029 B.C.)
It was in Shang dynasty that the first Chinese character named oracle was created, which is written on the bones of animals. From that on, the recorded Chinese history begins.
Zhou Dynasty (1,100 B.C. – 256 B.C.)
The history of Zhou dynasty could be dated back from 1,100 B.C. to o 256 B.C., lasting about 850 years. In Zhou period, bronze ware was produced, which was featured in shapes and sophisticated in technique.
Spring and Autumn Period
Spring and Autumn Period, also known as warring period, is the period when all the states war with each other in the purpose of enlarge their territory.
Qin Dynasty (221 B.C. – 206 B.C.)
In the year of 221 B.C., Qingshihuang, the first imperor in Chinese history, united China and created the first united country-Qing Dynasty. It was in Qing dynasty that the world-famous Great Wall and overwhelming Teraccotta Warriors were built.
Han Dynasty (206 B.C. -220 A.D.)
Founded by Liu bei, Han Dynasty enjoys a history of 78 years, from 202 B.C to 280 A.D.. In Han dynasty, philosophy of Confucianism firstly became the solo thought in Chinese history.
Three Kingdoms Period (220 B.C. -280 A.D.)
Three Kingdoms Period, known as warring period, is the period when the three kingdom of Wei, Shu and Wu established its state respectively and warred with each other to enlarge its territory.
Sui Dynasty (581 A.D. – 618 A.D.)
In Sui dynasty, China was reunited and the economy was recovered.
Tang Dynasty (618 A.D. – 907 A.D.)
Tang Dynasty is the most prosperous period in Chinese history, which enjoys the most advance technology. So the history of this period has a significant influence to the modern China. It was in Tang Dynasty that Buddhism became the predominant religion adopted by the imperial family and civilians. It was in Tang dynasty that the glorious Siik Road commercial route was created.
Song Dynasty (960 A.D. – 1279 A.D.)
Song dynasty could be divided into two periods, Northern Song Dynasty (960- 1127) and Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279). Song Dynasty was founded in 960 by Zhao Kuangyin and established its capital in Kaifeng (originally called Bianjing). During Song dynasty, the technology and science were all highly developed, and some technologies were discovered thousands of years earlier than that of other countries in the world.
Yuan Dynasty (1279 A.D. – 1368 A.D.)
Yuan Dynasty was found by a Mongolian named Genghis Khan, who reunited China again. During his supreme period, the economy was flourished.
Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D. – 1644 A.D.)
Founded by Zhu Yuanzhang, Ming Dynasty enjoys a history of 276 years, from 1368 A.D. to 1644 A.D.
Qing Dynasty (1644 A.D. – 1911 A.D.)
Qing is the last Chinese dynasty in history, which marks the beginning of modern China. From that on, the modern Chinese history begins. Established by the Manchu People, the Qing Dynasty has a history of 268 years, from 1644 A.D. – 1911 A.D.
Republic of China (1911 A.D. – 1949 A.D.)
In the year of 1911, Dr Sun Yat-sen led Xinhai Revolution and overthrew the last feudal dynasty in Chinese history and established the Republic of China, which marks one the greatest events in the modern history of China.
People’s Republic of China
In 1949, Mao Zedong founded the People’s Republic of China. From that on, another nation is thriving in aspects of economy, politics, culture and the likes. China has become one of the most powerful countries in the world.